“Three boys and two large dogs can do quite a bit of damage to one’s floor. The wear and tear was very visible especially in the high traffic areas so I was a little skeptical on how much better my floors will look afterwards. Rees and his crew did such an amazing job that there is no evidence of the previous wear and tear. My floors look brand new and I have gotten so many compliments on them. Rees was also very helpful in providing guidance on the best color options for my floor. I’m very happy that I went with his recommendations because the color of the floor is beautiful. I would definitely use Rees and his crew again for any additional wood floor projects. ”


“We recently bought a new house with hardwood floors that haven't been touched in many years. Rees and his team did a beautiful job refinishing all the floors in the entire house. Working with Rees was a pleasure, he was attentive and thoroughly reviewed the process with us from start to finish. Rees did a good job level-setting our expectations on move in dates as we had lots to coordinate. After measuring the floors, he was quick to turn around an estimate, which was important to us. Rees even took the time to help tape our floors for the movers (something he absolutely didn't have to do). I highly recommend Rees and should we need our floors redone again, we will definitely be reaching out to him. ”


“Just a note to thank you for the beautiful job you did on my tired, old, scratched and damaged wood floors! They never looked as good as they do now! Thank you also for your honest advice on the "right" way to refinish my floors for the best and most long-lasting results, your patience and courtesy in walking me through the entire process, and your responsiveness in answering all my questions throughout the process. And thanks to you and your crew for all your help in moving my furniture; and your guys really went above and beyond in helping me get everything back in place! And finally, thank to all of you for always treating me and my home and possessions with such care and concern. I am rarely as pleased with any service provider -- or the final results -- as I am with all aspects of the service and value you provided. ”


“I am so glad that Rees' name came up under the google search for hardwood floor refinishing. His team did an amazing job refinishing my entire downstairs floor and in a timely fashion. Not only was all of the work done right at a reasonable price, his team was extremely helpful moving big pieces of furniture and the job was done just in time for the holidays. I am truly grateful for their help getting this done and will be calling for more flooring projects. Highly recommended!!!! ”


“We worked with Rees to refinish the hardwood floors throughout our entire house (upstairs and downstairs). We wanted to do it before we moved in, and Rees was very accommodating with our schedule. He is a pleasure to work with - he's friendly, patient, responsive, and very professional. He knows what he's doing, and we trusted him right away - we didn't even meet with other contractors. We needed to match the floors to the bamboo in the kitchen, and Rees showed us several samples to pick from on the floor itself -- he nailed the color and it's nearly a perfect match. We also needed to patch an area where there used to be a wall, and we can't even tell where that was anymore. Rees and his crew were punctual and extremely neat - we moved in just a few days after they finished and came to the house to clean up before the movers came, but there was nothing for us to clean (in fact, the house was cleaner than when they started)! Every contractor that has come through has commented on the floors, and most asked if Rees did them, making it clear that people in the area know his work. We are so thrilled with the finished product and really appreciate how thorough and masterful Rees was! ”


“Rees installed hardwood floors in our family room and living room and refinished preexisting floors in the dining room and foyer. From start to finish, Rees and his crew were the consummate professionals. The floors are incredibly beautiful and the process from the time of cost estimate to the final finish coat was the best experience we have had by far in the renovation projects we have completed in the past few years. Rees is the consummate professional and should give advice to other contractors as to how to do the job from start to finish. Communication was timely and thorough and Rees and his crew take pride in delivering an excellent outcome. We will recommend Rees to others without hesitation or reservation. Thank you for making our home look beautiful!”

—Isabelle and Erik

“I have hardwood floors in my kitchen. A couple weeks ago, a water spill caused some wood pieces to buckle. Mr. Powell came, inspected the floor, gave me a quote and set an estimated time frame the following week to come back to fix the floor. On Wednesday, I got a call from him indicating that he would come the next morning. Half an hour before he and his crew showed up, he called again to give me a heads-up. The wood I have is only ¼” thick and different from most hardwood floors. It took longer than expected to fix, but it still cost me the same as the original quote. They did an excellent job. Mr. Powell and his crew are very friendly and punctual. I give them a 5-star rating.”

—In-Sheng C.

“The new hardwood floor in the kitchen is exceptional. The refinishing of the rest is likewise beautiful – this is top quality work and finishing all around, at a reasonable price. Your dedication to quality and scheduling throughout the job is much appreciated, and the effort you took to uncover and remove three layers of previous kitchen flooring (an archeological dig!) makes the final product completely seamless with the existing hardwood floor.

We look forward to having you back to refinish the upstairs. Thank you!”

—Catherine G., Princeton

“We would like to say how pleased we are with the floors that came out so beautifully. They went from shades of worn yellow and brown to a gorgeous oak finish. Your advice about the walnut inlays in the living room was correct - they came out very well. We also appreciated the experience of the work itself. You were there when you said you would be and were able to do it quickly as you promised. Your men were courteous, focused on their work, and obviously are professionals at what they do. You were recommended to us by a fine carpenter we have known for years. Thanks for an outstanding job.”

—Barbara and John from Princeton

“Thank you for an excellent job! The floors look terrific you're a fine craftsman and we really appreciate how effectively you contained the dust, and how careful you were around the cabinetry.”

—Linda & Bob

“The floors look great. We are happy that we took your advice to do the whole house while it was empty. You came highly recommended by others in the community and we were not disappointed.”

—Joseph T. (Princeton)

“Rees Powell and his crew came to my home on June 5 to install a new oak floor in my dining room. I have never seen such industrious and joyful workmen in my life. They came exactly when they said they would – at 7:30 am. They were done and everything was spotless by 9:40 am. Rees knows his job, and his workers reflect that. As they worked, they cleaned up. I can highly recommend Rees Powell and his floor firm to anyone who needs a great job well done.”

“We all look for someone to do a good job at a fair price. It is a gem to find this, but when workers come into our home that are also neat, clean, non-smoking and pleasant - the experience is exceptional. This is what you get when you hire Rees Powell. Thank you for a beautiful job, well done.”

—Teresa A.

“Thanks again for doing such a great job. Leo and Robert were fantastic as well.

You run a great business which has obviously resulted in your success. It is hard to find prompt, honest, respectful, dedicated, and ethical people in business these days and your company exudes all of those traits.”


“Rees Powell did a perfect job on my hardwood floors. He restored them to their original, natural beauty to an extent I have rarely seen in floor work. He was also extremely courteous and punctual. He, conveniently, for me, did the work between other painting and repairs going on in the house and met my deadline despite delays caused by a hurricane! The cost was very reasonable. I recommend him without reservation.”


“Very few contractors would be able to manage redoing the floors, on a tight timeline, when in the midst of it a flood blows out the furnace all while the owner is out of town! The floors look great, we made the deadline and Rees, you made this project happen while we were miles away. Can't thank you enough.”

—Leslie, Hopewell

“We were very pleased with the quality of your work. From dust containment, help in color selection and the crew, who were pleasant, efficient and respectful of our home, the job went smoothly and the floors look amazing. Thank you.”

—Richard and Carol, East Windsor

“Thanks so much for a job well done. Your professionalism, friendliness, honesty and excellent work made this first-time experience a pleasant one. I would highly recommend your services to anyone. The floors look beautiful and I've already had many compliments on them. Your personnel worked with perfection. And, I appreciate you helping me in a pinch when I needed someone quickly.”

—Bill, Mercerville, NJ

“The floor and stairs look great, and no dust anywhere! You and your crew are the BEST! Thanks.”

—John from Hamilton

“Rees and his team did an excellent job from start to finish. The floors are beautiful and everyone comments on how great they look when they walk through the door.”


“I want to thank you for a job well done. The refinishing of the whole house is nothing but exceptional. Your attention to detail, craftmanship and putting the customer first attitude, excellent communication and scheduling is second to none. We are glad we made the right decision.”

—Helen and Ray, Princeton, NJ

“Thanks Rees! The floors look great! You and your employees were so nice to work with, very professional.

Thanks again!”

—Lisa from Cranbury

“We are very pleased with how our floors turned out. We wanted the floors refinished in order to make our home more desirable to sell. There was a lot of positive feedback about the floors from potential buyers, and we believe that having quality hardwood floors throughout the house was a major selling point and instrumental toward our receiving offers. Great job by Rees and the crew. ”

—David T.

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Republication, retransmission or reproduction of any image is strictly prohibited. Designed by Asenka

Wood Floor Tips

General Flooring Tips

Wood floors, properly finished, are the easiest floor surfaces to keep clean and new looking. Unlike carpeted or resilient floors that show age regardless of care, wood floors can be kept looking like new, year after year, with minimum care.

What Kind of Wood floors?

Both open-grain and close-grain woods are used in flooring. Heading the list of hard open-grain woods is durable, beautifully patterned oak, used for an estimated 95% of all wood floors. Other hardwood include northern walnut, pecan ash, elm and chestnut. Among the close-grain woods are maple, birch, beech, Douglas fir, and yellow pine. Since the overwhelming majority of wood floors are of hardwood, this care guide applies specifically to this type of flooring.

What is Minimum Care?

A good rule of thumb is to vacuum or dust mop weekly. A damp mop can be used for spills and general cleanup on floors which have non-waxed polyurethane or Swedish finish. If the floor is waxed, occasional buffing helps remove scuff marks that may appear in the wax coating. A waxed floor need only be re-waxed once or twice a year – or as often as needed in heavy traveled lanes – using a liquid buffing wax/cleaner combination.

Wood and Water Don't Mix.

No matter what finish your wood floor has, or what claims the manufacturer makes for his finish, never intentionally pour water into the floor. While a damp mop is fine for non-waxed polyurethane and Swedish finishes in good condition excessive amounts of water may find a way to seep between the boards causing them to warp or stain. Wax coated finishes should never be cleaned with water, nor even a damp mop.

Wood Flooring Expansion and Contraction.

Unlike many floor coverings can last the lifetime of the building in which they are installed. Home owners who want them to last that long, however, should note the number one enemy of a hardwood floor: moisture. Wood floors naturally expand when moisture is present and shrink when it is not. Whether the reactions are a problem or not depends on the severity of the situation. Following are some of the common results when water and wood floors combine.

Cupping. As with cracks between boards, both cupping and crowning are natural reactions to moisture and should not be a concern of they occur only to a minor extent. More severe cases, however, indicate a serious moisture problem. Cupping describes a condition in which the edges of a board are high and its center is lower. Humidity is usually the culprit, although cupping also can happen after water has been spilled onto the floor and absorbed into wood. The moisture causes the wood to swell, crushing the boards together and deforming them at the edges. In order to repair the floor, the cause of the moisture must be identified. Most often, indoor humidity will have to be controlled. Other causes could include situations such as a plumbing leak in the basement, which can allow moisture to migrate up into the sub-floor and the wood flooring. Once the cause of the moisture is controlled, cupping can be reversed. Often the floor may naturally dry out and improve over time. Fans may be necessary to recoat the floor with finish, or to sand and refinish the floor.

Crowning. "Crowning" is the opposite of cupping: The middle of the board is higher than the edges of the board. This can occur when the surface of the floor encounters moisture. More often, it results when a floor has been sanded too soon after it has cupped. When this happens, the top edges of the board are sanded off, and thus are lower than the rest of the board when it returns to a normal moisture content.

Buckling. Buckling is one of the most extreme reactions to moisture that can occur with a hardwood floor. It happens when the floor literally pulls away from the sub-floor, up to heights as high as several inches. Fortunately, bucking is an uncommon occurrence, usually happening only after a floor has been flooded. Even in such cases, it is possible that a floor can be repaired instead of being totally replaced.

Preventing Moisture Problems.

Controlling humidity is the most important factor in preventing problems with moisture and your wood floor. The correct maintenance also will go a long way in avoiding problems. Among key points:

  • Clean your wood with a cloth lightly dampened by a recommended cleaning product, using the manufacturer's directions for use. It is best to buy a "floor care kit" recommended by your installer or retailer.
  • Do not clean your wood floors with water or water-based products on a regular schedule – clean only the soiled areas.
  • Dry dust moping and vacuuming may be done daily or weekly. Occasional damp moping (twice/monthly), with vinegar diluted with water followed by a dry towel can be used.
  • Never let a spill dry on the floor.

Cracks Between Boards.

Almost every wood floor endures some expansion and contraction as seasons and humidity levels change. When homes are heated, humidity levels plummet, boards shrink and spaces appear between the boards. In dry months, cracks can easily develop to the thickness of a dime on a typical solid 2 ¼ inch oak floor, with light-colored woods making the cracks appear larger. Plank floors also will show cracks more. These spaces are to be expected and usually closed up as the seasons change and moisture returns to the air. To reduce the degree of change, home owners can add moisture to the air during the dry months, ideally by installing a humidifier in the furnace.

NWFA Member - National Wood Flooring Association

© Copyright 2017 Rees Powell. Materials posted on this website are for personal, non-commercial use and may be downloaded only for personal use.

Republication, retransmission or reproduction of any image is strictly prohibited. Designed by Asenka